Since the advent of the Welsh Assembly in Cardiff Bay, there seems to have been a willingness to plug gaps in the Welsh railway network through the development of a network of interurban services under the TrawsCymru brand. The routes are not operated with coaches as in other places but with low floor buses. Though growing in number, these are not the only trunk services so others are to be found here too. Hopefully, more will join them.
5/5B/5C/5S/X5: Llandudno – Bangor – Caernarfon
On Sundays, the service frequency may be hourly but it is impressively more regular for this North Wales coastal bus service. Apart from the Bangor-Caernarfon leg, it shadows the railway for much of its route too. Saying that, you have more of a chance of getting a regular service from places like Llanfairfechan and Penmaenmawr if you make use of the bus option. For some reason, I have yet to do exactly that and I cannot pin down exactly why. In fact, it has been travelling between Bangor and Caernarfon that has been the cause of my using it in the past.
T2: Aberystwyth – Dolgellau – Porthmadog – Bangor
This is the replacement for the erstwhile X32 that once was operated exclusively by Arriva. The Monday to Saturday frequency is down from what it was but Lloyd Coaches and Express Motors still provide a useful service with the former starting from the south and the latter from the north. The Sunday and bank holiday service offering remains largely as it was before though. This is another part of the TrawsCymru network that has yet to reach its full potential.
T3: Wrexham – Bala – Dolgellau – Barmouth
Now replicating a journey that was once possible by rail, this useful bus route is one that I have travelled quite a few times. After the collapse of GHA in July 2016, it is in the hands of Lloyds Coaches of Machynlleth. In the hands of Arriva before the closure of its Dolgellau depot, the Monday to Saturday service frequency became hourly but demand never matched this so it was reduced and you have needed to keep an eye on the timetable since then. That especially applies to the Sunday service since there are five each journeys a day. For all its travails, this TrawsCymru route remains and it passes places served by few other bus services too. That the countryside appeals to walkers adds to the appeal.
T4: Newtown – Llandrindod Wells – Brecon – Merthyr Tydfil – Cardiff
This started out life as the 704 between Newtown and Brecon but the T4 replaced it and extended the route south as far as Merthyr Tydfil and Cardiff to replace the now withdrawn 470. The frequency of the Monday to Saturday service is somewhere between hourly and two hourly depending on the time of day and where you need to go. The Sunday service is even less frequent with the southern terminus being Merthyr Tydfil instead of Cardiff. Nevertheless, the timings are useful and Stagecoach appears to have done a good job on a seemingly unpromising TrawsCymru route.
T5: Aberystwyth – Aberaeron – New Quay – Cardigan – Fishguard – Haverfordwest
This route recalls a journey I undertook on the way back from Pembrokeshire after an elongated weekend there in June 2006. Then, you needed to use two bus services with the 412 running between Haverfordwest and Cardigan. The T5 replaces this and offers Sunday journeys during the summer season alongside its year round Monday to Saturday hourly services. This addition to the Trawscymru network in 2014 gets folk to parts of coastal Pembrokeshire, thus earning its place here.
T6: Brecon – Sennybridge – Ystradgynlais – Neath – Swansea
This is newer part of the TrawsCymru network that replaces the preceding X63 and X64 and it operates seven days a week too, not a feature of what came before it. It also serves the western reaches of the Brecon Beacons National Park and that there are early evening journeys allow decent days around the Fforest Fawr. The Sunday service level offers at least five each way journeys and the frequency is nearly hourly on other days of the week too.
X4: Cardiff – Pontypridd – Merthyr Tydfil – Brynmawr – Abergavenny – Hereford
Between Merthyr Tydfil and Cardiff, this combines with the T4 to offer a very frequent service from Monday to Saturday with up to four bus journeys each way per hour. The full route sees a lesser service with six journeys in each direction a day and the section between Abergavenny and Brynmawr gets an hourly service while Brynmawr to Cardiff gets a half-hourly one. With all the differential frequencies, you would wonder how the route is managed but Stagecoach must make a go of it or it wouldn’t be operating it otherwise. There is, however, no Sunday or bank holiday service as I can see.
X43: Abergavenny – Brecon
The old X43 that linked Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil and Brecon seven days a week with extensions to Abergavenny on every day apart from Sunday is no more. The new shortened X43 is operated by Stagecoach under the Trawscymru Connect brand of the Welsh Assembly Government. Service frequencies aren’t shoddy either though it’s only a Monday to Saturday service now.